FSG 19 Ships, Small Craft, Pontoons, and Floating Docks

Ships, Small Craft, Pontoons, and Floating Docks

Note-Only complete ships, small craft, floating docks, floating dry docks, and dredges (with or without hull) are classified in this group. End items, assemblies, parts, attachments or accessories for use in or on the above are classified in Group 20-Ship and Marine Equipment, unless other classes (outside of Group 19) are appliable.

Supply Items Included in Federal Supply Group 19
LANDING CRAFT,MECHANIZED

A landing craft with a ramp bow designed to land military equipment, such as trucks, trailers and tanks directly on the beach, and to retract under its own power.

LANDING CRAFT,PERSONNEL,LARGE

A watercraft powered by internal combustion engine(s) driving marine propeller(s). It is designed for landing personnel during beaching operations; not fitted with bow ramp.

LANDING CRAFT,VEHICLE-PERSONNEL

A small craft for use as personnel and cargo carriers; fitted with wide bow ramp.

VESSEL,JOINT HIGH SPEED

A ship that can rapidly deploy troops, supplies, and equipment from unimproved or damaged ports, littoral access points and offload sites.

TUGBOAT

A powerful self-propelled watercraft that provides all and more of the following functions, push/pull/tow/manoeuvre, ships, boats, barges and the like. Specifically designed for inter-harbor, waterways (rivers) and inlets. Can be a self-sustaining vessel for ocean going voyages and tasks.

BARGE,CARGO

A non self-propelled watercraft used to transport general cargo, liquid or wheeled and tracked vehicles in harbors and inland waters.

CRANE,BARGE,DIESEL-ELECTRIC

A diesel and electrically operated mechanism mounted on a barge. It is designed principally for moving loads vertically and radially through 360 degrees, but not to travel therewith. See also DERRICK, BARGE (as modified).

CRANE,BARGE,STEAM

A steam operated mechanism mounted on a barge. It is designed principally for moving loads vertically and radially through 360 degrees, but not to travel therewith. See also DERRICK, BARGE (as modified).

DERRICK,BARGE,DIESEL-MECHANICAL

A diesel and mechanically operated mechanism mounted on a barge. It is designed principally for moving loads vertically and radially through 180 degrees, but not to travel therewith. See also CRANE, BARGE (as modified).

BOAT,WORK

A flat-bottomed watercraft with sharp bow and transom stern, designed for general service use in protected waters. The craft is carvel planked fore-and-aft over side and bottom frames with angular turn of bilge. The boat is usually rowed.

DORY

A light flat-bottomed oar propelled boat with high flaring sides, sharp bow, deep V-shaped transom stern, and considerable sheer. Sides are clinker planked. Both stem and stern are sharply raked. It is noted for its qualities in riding seas, behaving like a double-ended boat.

PUNT

A sturdy square ended, flat bottomed boat used in protected waters or inland waterways. It may be power propelled, paddled, poled or sculled.

LIFEBOAT,MOTOR

A double-ended, power-propelled boat constructed of rigid materials designed for optimum buoyancy and seaworthiness. Built and equipped under recognized regulations such as the US Coast Guard for motor lifeboats. May have cabin for radio equipment but is otherwise undecked. Excludes LIFEBOAT, MOTOR, SELF-RIGHTING.

LIFEBOAT

A double-ended boat constructed of rigid materials, designed for optimum stability and seaworthiness, and propelled either by oar(s) or by a hand-operated propelling mechanism. It is built and equipped under recognized regulations such as the US Coast Guard for lifeboats. See also LIFEBOAT, AIRBORNE; LIFEBOAT, INFLATABLE; LIFEBOAT, MOTOR; LIFEBOAT, MOTOR SELF-RIGHTING; and LIFE RAFT, INFLATABLE.

BOAT,LANDING,INFLATABLE

A watercraft constructed of coated fabric built sufficiently sturdy to withstand repeated beach landings. It has a single main flotation tube, cross tubes which may be separately inflated, and a spray rail may be located on the outer periphery of the flotation tube. The craft may be provided with paddles, outboard motor mounting bracket, towing rope or cable and quick release hook. Bow and/or stern may be sloped upward. See also LIFEBOAT, INFLATABLE; LIFE RAFT, INFLATABLE and SURFBOARD, INFLATABLE.

BOAT,PASSENGER AND CARGO

A watercraft powered by internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. It is designed primarily for the transportation of passengers and dry cargo in offshore or inland waters. Has inclosure for passengers, and means of hoisting cargo.

WHERRY

A light boat, 20 feet (6.0960 m) or less in length, designed to be either hand or sail propelled. It is usually used for light duties in protected waters. Does not apply to inflatable craft or to boats designated by a more specific name. Excludes BOAT, WORK; DORY; ICE SKIFF; LIFEBOAT; SURFBOAT, SAILING; and WHALEBOAT.

BOAT,PICKET

An engine-driven watercraft designed for patrolling shore lines. It may be equipped with machine gun mount(s).

BOAT,RECONNAISSANCE

A high speed, V-bottom watercraft powered by a gas turbine driving a marine propeller. It has an integrally constructed cabin and is equipped with seats for personnel. It is designed for underwater demolition team use and capable of beaching and retracting in two feet of surf. It may be equipped with machine gun mountS). Excludes BOAT, PERSONNEL; and BOAT, RECONNAISSANCE, PNEUMATIC.

BOAT,AIR DRIVEN RESCUE

A watercraft powered by an aircraft type engine driving an air propeller. This craft has an extremely shallow draft and is designed for emergency rescue of personnel inaccessible to conventionally driven watercraft because of draft limitations.

BOAT,AIRCRAFT RESCUE

A high speed, V-bottom watercraft powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. It is designed for emergency rescue of personnel from crashed aircraft and is fitted with litters and lifting gear. It may mount machine guns.

LIFEBOAT,INFLATABLE

A lightweight boat-shaped watercraft of double buoyant tube construction, one tube above the other, the upper tube overhanging the bottom tube for better deflection of waves and spray. This craft is designed for emergency use by shipwrecked personnel. No motormounts or other power items are provided. The craft is designed principally as a floation item through paddles are provided for emergency use. See also BOAT, LANDING, INFLATABLE; LIFE RAFT, INFLATABLE; LIFEBOAT, AIRBORNE; LIFEBOAT, MOTOR; SURFBOARD, INFLATABLE.

BOAT,TARGET

A sturdily constructed watercraft powered by an internal combustion marine engine driving a marine propeller. It is designed for use as a practice target for naval aircraft, and may be armor plated. Some of these craft are controlled by personnel aboard; others are remotely controlled.

WHALEBOAT

A long, narrow, carvel-planked watercraft with a shaped hull and a bold sheer, sharp and raking at both ends, originally used in whaling operations, but now used for a variety of purposes in open or protected waters. It is equipped with a rudder and tiller, and may be either sailed or rowed. When rowed, oars are single banked.

BOAT,TORPEDO RETRIEVER

A medium speed watercraft powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. The craft is equipped with gear for picking up torpedoes on a torpedo range, taking them in tow or taking them aboard.

WHALEBOAT,MOTOR

A watercraft with design features comparable to those of a WHALEBOAT, except that it is powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. It may be open or provided with canopy. It is equipped with a rudder and tiller for steering.

BOAT,LINE HANDLING

A watercraft of rugged construction, powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. It is fitted with pudding fenders and towing bitts, and is designed for line towing and similar towing operations.

BOAT,PERSONNEL

A high speed, V-bottom watercraft powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. It has an integrally constructed cabin, and is equipped with seats for carrying personnel.

BOAT,PLANE PERSONNEL AND RESCUE

A high speed, V-bottom watercraft powered by two internal combustion engines driving marine propellers. It has a cabin and is equipped to handle litters. It is equipped with portable fire fighting apparatus. The craft is designed for ferrying personnel to and from seaplanes, also for fire fighting and rescue work. It is fitted with pudding fenders to prevent damage to the plane or boat.

BOAT,UTILITY

A watercraft powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. This craft is easily adapted for various purposes, and may be used to replace LAUNCH, MOTOR; BOAT, PICKET and other boats. It is designed without a rigid type cabin, and is usually protected by a stowable canvas canopy.

BOAT,WORK,MOTOR

An undecked watercraft powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. It is clinker planked, has a box keel, and is undecked. It is designed for use aboard salvage and rescue ships. This craft is equipped for rowing.

CUTTER,AREA COMMAND

A watercraft powered by internal combustion engine(s) driving marine propeller(s). Used in outlying areas for extended transportation of passengers in inclement weather. It is adaptable for harbor defense and inshore patrol operations during wartime and is equipped with machine gun mounting facilities.

LAUNCH,MOTOR

An open or largely undecked watercraft powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. It is designed for heavy duty services such as stores carrying, kedging, and the like. It is carvel planked and is usually provided with stern platform and rail for helmsman who operates the tiller. The open design of this craft permits easy adaptation to special services such as surveying, refueling or similar operations.

MOTORBOAT

A watercraft less than 65 feet (19.812 m) long, powered by an internal combustion engine driving a marine propeller. This craft is fitted with one or more rigid canopies or other protective inclosures.

BOAT,BRIDGE ERECTION,INBOARD ENGINE

A watercraft designed for bridge building functions such as hauling and pushing assembled floating bridge sections into position; must incorporate features such as hauling tackle and pushing knees which identify it with its designed function. It is usually skid and skeg protected and may be constructed in separable sections. Excludes PONTOON BOAT; PONTOON FLOAT; and PONTOON, SECTIONAL; altered by the addition of inboard engines and general purpose craft.

BOAT,ASSAULT

A square ended or round ended watercraft constructed of rigid materials, designed for landing troops upon a bridgehead. It is unframed except on the bottom, and has a handrail type gunwale for facility in carrying the craft. It is commonly paddled. It may be designed for attaching at the stern to another similar craft. See also LANDING CRAFT (as modified).

BOAT,RECONNAISSANCE,PNEUMATIC

An inflatable watercraft constructed of fabric and air inflated replaceable bladders. It may consist of gunwale tubes and deck tubes divided amidship by vertical, lateral bulkheads, and containing separate bladder compartments. It may also consist of pockets about the periphery of the fabric item which retain the bladders, providing, when the bladders are inflated, a buoyant outer ring circumscribing a depression with a floor of waterproof fabric and rigid material whereon personnel and material are carried. See also BOAT, LANDING, INFLATABLE; LIFEBOAT, INFLATABLE; and SURFBOARD, INFLATABLE. Excludes BOAT, RECONNAISSANCE.

BOAT,INFLATABLE MAT

A watercraft with shaped bow and hull which may or may not have a transom stern. It is constructed of inner and outer airtight fabric shells vulcanized together in such manner as to provide airtight compartments to be inflated and deflated via pneumatic check valves. Plywood floor panels and other rigid reinforcing elements may be incorporated. It is designed to be padded, towed, or outboard motor driven. Excludes BOAT, LANDING, INFLATABLE; BOAT RECONNAISSANCE, PNEUMATIC; LIFEBOAT, INFLATABLE; LIFE RAFT, INFLATABLE; and SURFBOARD, INFLATABLE.

CANOE

A flat-bottomed, long and narrow watercraft that has a sharp bow and stern, which may be collapsible. It is usually built of light weight materials and is propelled by handdriven paddles, although sometimes mounting a sail or sails.

BOAT,CUTTER

A vessel in open design provided with oars, sails or power driven. The item is used for passenger and cargo transport and also for seamanship training. It can also be carried on major vessels.

BOAT,RIGID INFLATABLE

A watercraft with shaped bow and a rigid V bottom hull. It is constructed of inner and outer airtight fabric shells vulcanized together in such manner as to provide airtight compartments to be inflated and deflated via pneumetic check. The shells are fastened to topside of a rigid plastic, fiberglass, wooden hull.

SCULL

A light, narrow flat bottomed boat having a thin hull. It is propelled by one or several oarsmen, each equipped with a pair of oars. It may be used for sport racing events or recreation boating.

WATERCRAFT,PERSONAL

A water-jet driven vehicle which allows one or more persons to move on the water. It usually has an enclosed hull but no cockpit.

PONTOON,SECTIONAL

A noninflatable, single cell, air and watertight unit, basically rectangular in shape, fabricated of steel. Joined in multiples by assembly angles and special locking devices to form causeways, barges, tugs dry docks, etc. Excludes PONTON FLOAT.

BARRIER,FLOATING,MARINE

A curtain type hanging screen designed to sweep, contain and/or control oil spillage and floating debris in the open ocean, harbors, channels, and other waterways.

UNMANNED WATERCRAFT

A watercraft that is not controlled by onboard personnel. Control may be via signals from a remote location or autonomous via programmed mission data incorporating artificial intelligence or a combination of the two types. It may be a submarine, a surface craft, or it may be semisubmersible. It may have low detectability features and may perform various functions including, but not limited to attack, mine countermeasures, surveillance, reconnaissance and/or intelligence gathering.

UNMANNED WATERCRAFTSUBASSEMBLY

An item which is a part of an UNMANNED WATERCRAFT. Do not use if a more specific name applies.